Monday, January 26, 2015

Citizen Science and Employment in High Technology Industries

Last week I wrote an article on Industry Niches for Citizen Science (Part 1) that tried to identify high-technology sectors of the U.S. economy.  Although the papers I found were not definitive they gqve us a great head start. So let's continue pushing forward to see what we find.

As a reminder, the list of high-tech industries was determined through a number of different factors. The first was based on the relative employment by each of people in various high-technology occupations.  But what are those occupations and how do they connect to the work of citizen scientists?    Reviewing the Hecker article again,
"High-technology occupations are scientific, engineering, and technician occupations, the same group of occupations used to define high-tech industries in this and earlier studies. They include the following occupational groups and detailed occupations: computer and mathematical scientists, Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) 15-0000; engineers, SOC 17– 2000; drafters, engineering, and mapping technicians, SOC 17– 3000; life scientists, SOC 19–1000; physical scientists, SOC 19– 2000; life, physical, and social science technicians, SOC 19–4000; computer and information systems managers, SOC 11–3020; engineering managers, SOC 11–9040; and natural sciences managers, SOC 11–9120...Some technology-oriented workers are engaged in R&D, increasing scientific knowledge and using it to develop products and production processes; others apply technology in other activities, including the design of equipment, processes, and structures; computer applications; sales, purchasing, and marketing; quality management; and the management of these activities."
This is still academic.  Relating it back to citizen science, I now ask the question of what are the jobs these people do, and what is the citizen scientist activity equivalent to those jobs?  In other words, What do these people actually do?  Here's a new version of the list but with list of common citizen scientist activities attached to each.

  1. Computer systems design and related services - Computer coding (hardware and software), Electrical engineering
  2. Software publishers - Computer coding (software)
  3. Architectural, engineering, and related services - Electrical, engineering
  4. Scientific research and development services - Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Ecology, Medicine, Electrical engineering, Mechanical engineering, Bioengineering, Computer coding (hardware and software)
  5. Internet service providers and web search portals - Computer coding (hardware and software), Electrical engineering,
  6. Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing - Computer coding (hardware and software), Electrical engineering
  7. Internet publishing and broadcasting - Writing, Computer coding (software)
  8. Navigational, measuring, electromedical, and control instruments manufacturing - Computer coding (hardware and software), Electrical engineering, Design
  9. Data processing, hosting, and related services - Computer coding (hardware and software), Electrical engineering
  10. Aerospace product and parts manufacturing - Electrical engineering, Design
  11. Communications equipment manufacturing - Computer coding (hardware and software), Electrical engineering
  12. Semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing - Computer coding (hardware), Electrical engineering
  13. Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing - Biology, Chemistry, Medicine, Mechanical engineering, Bioengineering
  14. Other telecommunications - Electrical engineering
  15. Oil and gas extraction - Geology, Chemistry, Mechanical engineering
  16. Forestry - Biology, Ecology
  17. Commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing - Electrical engineering, Mechanical engineering
  18. Manufacturing and reproducing magnetic and optical media - Electrical engineering, Mechanical engineering
  19. Basic chemical manufacturing - Chemistry, Mechanical engineering
  20. Professional and commercial equipment and supply merchant manufacturing - Chemistry, Physics, Electrical engineering, Mechanical engineering, Computer coding (hardware and software)
  21. Industrial machinery manufacturing - Mechanical engineering
  22. Federal government, excluding postal service - Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Physics, Ecology, Medicine, Electrical engineering, Mechanical engineering, Bioengineering, Computer coding (hardware and software)
  23. Management, scientific, and technical consulting services - Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Physics, Ecology, Medicine, Electrical engineering, Mechanical engineering, Bioengineering, Computer coding (hardware and software)
  24. Audio and video equipment manufacturing - Computer coding (hardware and software), Electrical engineering, Design
  25. Electric power generation, transmission, and distribution - Electrical engineering, Mechanical engineering
  26. Resin, synthetic rubber, and artificial synthetic fibers and filaments manufacturing - Chemistry, mechanical engineering
This starts to give us some insight, especially if we start to "clump" some of these industries together based on the type of work they do. Even if the scientific field is somewhat different there are general similarities.  For example, 
  • Manufacturing industries (numbers 3, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 24, and 26)
  • IT and computer coding (numbers 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 11, 12, and 18). 
  • Industries that (positively or negatively) focus on Environmental concerns, such as Forestry (16), Oil and gas extraction (15) and Management, scientific and technical consulting services.
  • "Traditional" science and technology fields (numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9,10, 11, 12, 13, 19, and 23) and more "Applied" (7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, and 26).
There are even a few other items to note, such as the interesting addition of "Writing" in the seventh-largest high-technology field of Internet publishing and broadcasting.  There are also some that span a wide variety of products and activities, such as Federal Government, excluding postal service (#22) and Management, scientific, and technical consulting services (#23). 

The inclusion of "Consulting" in the last item is most interesting to me.  This means a lot of different things to a lot of people, and in fact can even be included with it's counterpart of the Federal government, since much consulting (even scientific/technical) is actually performed on behalf of the government.  So this is potentially a very large opportunity as far as high-technology employment is concerned.

But what most intrigues me is the idea of consulting and what it can mean for citizen science.  Typically the term "consulting" implies firms bringing in outside experts to offer advice and direction in a specialized area.  This can include advice on an area outside of the companies focus (e.g., a chemist advising on a specific reaction of interest to a pharmaceutical firm) or to perform a project for a defined length of time (e.g.,, an IT consultant upgrading computer systems of a chemical firm).  

In some ways we already see examples of both types in existing platforms such as the Innocentive challenge web site.  The Ideation and Theoretical challenges are very similar to the model of bringing in outside advice, while the Reduction-to-Practice is similar to the short-term project model.  Obviously there is overlap and it is not a 100 percent match, but the concept is pretty close.  

Both offer real possibilities for citizen scientists.   For the first, where outside experts provide advice, there is no reason these need to be "Professionals" or degreed experts in those fields.  It can be anyone with the proper knowledge and experience the company is looking for.  Even better is that often these people can be brought in from areas widely different than the firm, providing a unique perspective that is often to key important breakthroughs.   For the second, it just requires citizen scientists to take their ideas and put them into practice, either in developing a product, performing a service, or taking on some larger challenge.

All these opportunities go by different names.  Statistically they may be called consultants.  Innocentive calls them Solvers.  But in every case just replace that word with "citizen scientist".

Of course there are many more to apply this concept to entrepreneurship and helping citizen scientists profit from their work.  But I'll leave much of that for San Jose and many future posts!


  1. I would once again praise to god about this amazing post.
    Thank you so much for the detailed information.
    I love to read tips from people who are really successful with what they do.
    It inspires me an I learn a lot which helps me to grow my business faster.
    Happy Diwali Shayari in Hindi
    Happy Diwali Messages
    Happy Diwali Pictures
    Happy Diwali HD Images 2016
    Happy Diwali WhatsApp Status
    Happy Diwali Images 2016

  2. That was how to double your effectiveness with Juggernox. As long as your dream Juggernox is good, you could go after the bigger objectives. You're on solid ground now yet the Juggernox common technique no longer worked right a while ago. >>>

  3. Thanks for the great informative article. I would say this is very helpful and useful post. i really enjoyed while reading this article.

  4. Great SEO Gifts to build your empire in digital marketing on this week end!
    never miss these
    Cyber Monday Web hosting deals 2016

  5. UFC 207 Live, Fight Card, Time, Stream, Rousey vs Nunes, PPV: UFC 207

  6. find best job in india and make best life

  7. GSM Player is the Largest Mobile Firmware/Flash File Provider in the World.

    Qmobile, Rivo, Samsung, OPPO, Huawei, Sony, HTC, BlackBerry, iPhone, Motorola, Nokia, Lenovo and many Other Brands.

    Lahore Mobile Center

    Address: Lahore Mobile Center, Collage Road, Pul Dat, Dera Ghazi Khan

    Phone: 03146616935

  8. Visit us now to view & share beautiful collection of Best Images of
    chocolate day images

  9. Visit us now to view & share beautiful collection of Best Images of
    happy birthday images


  10. According to the Entrepreneur Ritika Pathak, R Square works as a clean strategy with all the clients. Various special events requires the Market Target, Stratup costs and Marketing resources. To organize any event , Event organizers in chandigarh R square just be with the depth of the purpose for an event
    Our Services::
    web development training in chandigarh
    educational services

  11. exceptionally good post and i loved it . mini militia game these two are the things that i think you must see mini militia for ios also see happy holi images

  12. This comment has been removed by the author.

  13. Pages4india is provided here for your reference along with their Pahrma business services in your city.
    One of the best deal with top franchise companies by Pages4india, visit always for any contact pharma franchise services.

  14. holy saturday vistit now for know the history of holy saturday

  15. holy saturday vistit now for know the history of good friday

    what is holy saturday vistit now for know the history of good friday

    saturday before easter vistit now for know the history of good friday

    holy saturday images vistit now for know the history of good friday

    good saturday vistit now for know the history of good friday

  16. Replies
    1. well, we, fps scada is furnishing scada for concrete batch mix plant, scada for asphalt batch mix plant, scada for asphalt drum mix plant. you can check more on fps scada

  17. Thanks for sharing this Information with us. I really impressed by this website, Now this my Bookmarked website. For More jntu updates Clicke Here.

  18. Have Lovely and Beautiful Salwar Suit And Many More…
    We Have Some For You In Your Budget For more…
    Plz visit:- Designer dresses

  19. Kanchipuram Silk SareesKanchipuram Silk SareesKanchipuram Silk Sarees

  20. Have Lovely and Beautiful Salwar Suit And Many More…
    We Have Some For You In Your Budget For more…
    Plz visit:- Designer Dress


  22. nice post i like to read your articles:)
    Ashley Graham measurements Vayntrub Measurements
    Kylie Jenner hot pics

  23. You can buy from our large and diverse collection of salwar kameez, party wear suits, Bollywood collection, cotton Kurtis, Anarkali suits, Bollywood saree and many other products.....
    We Have Some For You In Your Budget For more…
    Plz visit:- Lehenga Choli

  24. The sheetfed machines is a global leaders of manufacturer, supplier and exporter of Orient range of web offset printing press machines in India.

  25. wao nice artical i read it and inspire nice grat job i hope you will keep it and sharing these feeling interseted i think you shoud write more artical and publish thanks so much fot this

  26. Thanks for this wonderful post. Thanks a lot for sharing. Keep blogging. APJ Abdul Kalam Thoughts

    Monday Motivation Quotes

    Beautiful Quotes on Smile

    Happy New Year Wishes

    The information in this article is very helpful to me.

  27. Awesome Information. I am looking forward to share this information.
    Aadhar Card
    Govt Jobs 2018
    Christmas Animated GIFs

  28. <a href=">Best Sexologist in Delhi</a>.

  29. However, together with the development Cla Safflower Oil of effective products, came as well the growth of those interested only in making money out from the demands of the sector.

  30. Wiha implementing a few modifications on your Shapiro MD every day habitual as an example getting extra nutrients a, b, c and e into your eating regimen will virtually cause your hair to grow returned faster.

  31. Agen Togel
    Bandar Togel
    Thank you for sharing such a informative post with us, it will beneficial for everyone, It is one of the best sites that I have visited. I am looking forward to read more blogs post from here
    Togel Online
    Bandar Togel Online

  32. What would it be advisable for me to remember when Biogenic Xr I search out a characteristic male improvement program?

  33. Biogenic XR Before organization he was effective in a California healthy skin organization named Dermacia. James Short is the Co-Founder,Vice President of Vendor and Investor Relations, and Sheri Sharman is the Vice President of Marketing.

  34. Keep in mind, shedding pounds is for your Cla Safflower Oil own advantage, so require the additional exertion for you to accomplish that sound body.

  35. weight loss reality it's rare for someone who struggles with Cla Safflower Oil his or her weight to get it off and hold it off who is fooling whom The weight reduction facilities exploit someone's success, but by no means provide you with the statistical statistics.

  36. Universe contest after just a couple weeks of education Testo Ultra The human body takes time to expand herbal penile physical games are the high-quality manner to get a bigger.

  37. Awesome Post Admin Please Check My Article On Speed Post Track

  38. loved reading your post. you view Speed Post Track from here.

  39. I utilized the word 'hypothetically' on the Testx Core grounds that while the fixings work in principle, there may not be sufficient of every fixing to inspire any outcomes at all.

  40. I'm astounded that we program kids today to CLA Safflower Oil trust they can't go to a soccer hone, after-school occasion, or even get past two classes at school without a tidbit.

  41. That isn't good with our skin at all and will stay Dermagen IQ on the epidermis That is a misuse of cash A leap forward in collagen Dermagen IQ for UK creation.

  42. I know that about your case study before write this amazing information likewise, completemyassignment assignment writing company offer bibliography writing services for needy college students to get better marks in their academic.

  43. Happy birthday and i think here is your birthday gift checkc it out top brands best quality bone headphones for out door

  44. Leg augmentations and lining D BAL Max it up with a solitary development exercise, for example, squats. This is an extraordinary method to feel the consume and to maximize your exercises.

  45. Digital Marketing Institute In Indore

    Want to give your career a great start? Join Digital Marketing Institute In Indore. You will get 100% placement after training.

    Here you will get complete practical training with live projects.
    Our courses includes website designing, Google AdSense, SEO, Social Media Marketing and much more.

    So just visit

  46. On the off chance that you Slimfire Forskolin and your doctor have concluded that you are a Forskolin decent contender for weight reduction surgery.

  47. Of weight reduction eating Pure CBD Oil routine intends to enhance processing by including fiber and smothering the hunger.

  48. Really I like this blog. I am visiting this blog the first time, but seriously It is an amazing blog.
    gas regulator online

  49. Nitridex Besides on the off chance that you would prefer not to include yourself in such strategies, you can utilize other sheltered and regular.

  50. Zylix Plus Since I have the genuine answer! On the off chance that you need a greaterthen it is effectively accomplished if Developing.

  51. This is a very old information. If you want latest information on Government Jobs in India, then you should look no further, visit only website.

  52. Mari gabung bersama kami di Domino Halo
    * Bonus Referal 20%
    * Bonus T.O mingguan sebesar 0.5%
    * Minimal deposit RP.20.000
    * Jackpot tercepat

    DOMINOHALO - Agen Poker Terpercaya | Texas Poker | Poker Online | DominoQQ Online | BandarQ Online | Agen Poker Terpercaya Se-Indonesia


  54. The Information you shared is really good and precious content as it it reflecting creative ideas and efforts. Visit my website for more post.

  55. Anything that results in the colon is merely CLA Safflower Oil indigestible fiber and nonnutritive waste, referred to as stuff with zero use to your body otherwise.

  56. Hey guys, I'm Raashi from Delhi Escort Agency . I am young and beautiful just turn 18years.with a Stunning smile, gorgeous eyes, nice, friendly, down to earth personality.
    Delhi Escorts
    Escorts in Pune
    Chennai Escorts

  57. You are so interesting! I don't believe I've truly read through anything like that before. So wonderful to discover another person with a few unique thoughts on this issue. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This website is something that is required on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!

    Earn to Die 2 Mode apk

  58. we actually providing cad services such as CAD Drafting Services, 3D Modeling Services, Architectural Visualization, Revit BIM Modeling Services. You can also search or visit :

  59. Your website has very good content. Here is link to another website that has useful content :-


  61. Very good post! We are linking to this great article on our website. Keep up the great writing.visit the site,company logo design

  62. nice post..

  63. hey, this is the nice article. I like it very much. This is the very informative article. Here this is my website I hope you would like to visit it characteristics-of-video-conferencing-room

  64. Daily Current Affairs Updates States and Central Indians Jobs No 1 Site

  65. Daily Current Affairs Updates States and Central Indians Jobs No 1 Site

  66. Zirkonyum diş fiyatlarına aşağıda ki linkten ulaşabilirsiniz. zirkonyum diş fiyatları

  67. OMG , Amazing !! Everything Informative
    This Is really Ah Very good post. Taking the time and actual effort to produce a superb article…
    Thanks For Sharing

  68. If you are a man of pleasurable interests, then we are the right kind of agency people for you. Our kinky escort girls in ahmedabad will make some of your super kinkiest dreams ad fetishes come true.
    Ahmedabad Escorts
    Ahmedabad Escorts Real Pic

    Ahmedabad Escorts cheap escorts

  69. nice article,useful information are present here,keep blogging.

  70. Commenting on a blog is an art. Good comments create relations. You’re doing great work. Keep it up.
    Advantages Disadvantages modern technology
    Advantages Disadvantages E-Commerce

  71. Visit us now to view & share beautiful collection of Best Images of merry christmas qoutes for frineds